Oral Pathology

DEPARTMENT OF ORAL PATHOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY

INTRODUCTION:

“As is your pathology so is your practice“. One cannot become a competent physician or surgeon without full knowledge of pathology— William Osler. The Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology at MNR Dental College started in the year 2006 with the inception of the Institute. Since then, the department has made tremendous progress academically and infrastructure wise. The department took its first step for postgraduate course in the year 2012 and was recognized by DCI in the year 2015.The department abides by its motto learn, leap and lead, acting as a bridge between the basic sciences and clinical dentistry. One of the important purposes of Oral Pathology is to give the students an ability to Diagnose Oral lesions. Oral diagnosis is based on sound knowledge of Oral Pathology and is essential for good clinical practice. The Department carries out routine histopathological evaluation of specimens relating to Oral and Perioral tissues, routine diagnostic procedures including hematological, cytopathological, microbiological, immunological, ultra-structural and molecular investigations.

The Principal objective of the Department is to have knowledge on current Research Methodology, collection and interpretation of data, ability to carry out research projects to understand the new scientific concepts enlightening the sequence of biologic events leading to a disease state.

The Department plays a pivotal role in conducting interdisciplinary research projects with the available equipments like Research Microscope, Stereomicroscope, Image analysis software, and centrifuge. Several research projects including completed and ongoing are being carried out by our dedicated staff and postgraduates in collaboration with nationally reputed organizations like CCMB and IICT.

VISION: 

To be an internationally recognized centre that is committed to academic and professional excellence in the science of oral diagnostics, forensic odontology and advanced molecular techniques.

MISSION:

To provide quality education and training through creation , preservation, integration, dissemination and utilization of knowledge.
Stimulate a critical approach to guide students in the process of independent living, there by contributing to the delivery of competent newly graduated dentist.
Provide diagnostic ,pathological , radiological and forensic odontological services of highest quality.

STAFF DETAILS AND PHOTOGRAPHS:

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IMPORTANT HIGHLIGHTS REGARDING EQUIPMENT AND LABS:

  • Our department is associated with I BDS and III BDS graduates in the subjects of Dental Anatomy, Oral histology & Oral physiology and Oral Pathology respectively.
  • The students will be trained in carving the morphologies of both deciduous and permanent teeth in wax blocks.
  • They are provided with well ventilated laboratories where the students are  familiarized in using the microscope precisely which henceforth will help them in better observation and interpretation of tissue structures seen under microscope
  • The post graduate students are provided with well ventilated laboratories where they gain experience in various histopathological techniques used in tissue processing of specimens.
  • The Post Graduate students are provided with advanced equipments to undertake research activities.

LIST OF PUBLICATIONS:

NameInternationalNational
Dr.Prasanna17
Dr.Kranti Kiran Reddy616
Dr.Surekha19
Dr.Sangameshwar15
Dr.Sridhar reddy15

INTERNATIONAL:

Faculty nameJournalTitle
Dr.Prasanna M D Case Reports in PediatricsAmeloblastic Fibroma of the Maxilla with Bilateral Presentation: Report of a Rare Case with Review of Literature
Dr Kranti Kiran ReddyCase Reports in PediatricsAmeloblastic Fibroma of the Maxilla with Bilateral Presentation: Report of a Rare Case with Review of Literature
British Medical JournalHuman Papillomavirus Associated With Ameloblastoma In India
JISPCD• Computed tomography: Will the slices reveal the truth
• Outcome of premolar extractions on Bolton's overall ratio and tooth size discrepancies in South India
• Evaluation of dental and bone age in iron deficient anemic children of South India
• Piezosurgery: A Boon for Modern Periodontics
Dr.SurekhaCase Reports in PediatricsAmeloblastic Fibroma of the Maxilla with Bilateral Presentation: Report of a Rare Case with Review of Literature
Dr. SangameshwarCase Reports in PediatricsAmeloblastic Fibroma of the Maxilla with Bilateral Presentation: Report of a Rare Case with Review of Literature
Dr.Sridhar Reddy.EPan Afr Med JImages in clinical medicine Median rhomboid glossitis-developmental or candidal

NATIONAL:

Faculty nameJournalTitle
Dr.Prasanna M DJournal of Contemporary Dental PracticeComparative evaluation of Resistance failure in non precious metal ceramic restoration at incisal edge with varying thickness under different application of load: An Invitro study
Assessment of Interobserver Variability in Mitotic Figure Counting in Different Histological Grades of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma.
Influence of Maternal Periodontal Disease as a Risk Factor for Low Birth Weight Infants in Indian Population
Case reports in dentistryRadiographic localization of mental foramen in northeast and south indian ethnic groups of Indian population
Journal of oral and maxillofacial pathologyA Novel Approach for Treatment of an Unusual Presentation of Radicular Cysts Using Autologous Periosteum and Platelet-Rich Fibrin in Combination with Demineralized Freeze-Dried Bone Allograft –

Analysis of silver stained nucleolar organizing regions in odontogenic cysts and tumors.
Indian J Dent Adv
JCDR
Micronuclei as Biomarker in Monitoring Genetic Damage in Down Syndrome
Clinical Utility of Homocysteine and Folate as tumour marker in oral squamous cell carcinoma – a prospective Study
Dr Kranti Kiran ReddyJournal of Contemporary Dental PracticeComparative Evaluation of Few Physical Properties of Epoxy Resin, Resin-Modified Gypsum and Conventional Type IV Gypsum Die Materials: An in vitro Study
Assessment of Interobserver Variability in Mitotic Figure Counting in Different Histological Grades of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Influence of Maternal Periodontal Disease as a Risk Factor for Low Birth Weight Infants in Indian Population
Comparative study of Colony counts of different species of Streptococci in Saliva of dentulous, edentulous and in those wearing partial and complete dentures
Qualitative analysis to compare the effects of surface machining of conventional denture base resins and two soft liners: a scaning electron microscope study
Radiograpic localization of mental foramen in northeast and south indian ethnic groups of indian population
Journal of Research & advancementPlasmacytoid Myoepithelioma of the Palate
Journal of International Oral HealthHistochemical analysis of polarizing colors of collagen using Picrosirius Red staining in oral submucous fibrosis
Journal of International Oral HealthTetracycline induced discolouration of dedciduous teeth
Dental Anxiety among Dental, Medical and Nursing students in India and its correlation with their Field of Study
Journal of oral and maxllofacial pathologyAnalysis of silver stained nucleolar organizing regions in odontogenic cysts and tumors.
osteochondroma of the palate- an interesting and an unusual case presentation
Indian J Dent AdvMicronuclei as Biomarker in Monitoring Genetic Damage in Down Syndrome
JCDRClinical Utility of Homocysteine and Folate as tumour marker in oral squamous cell carcinoma – a prospective Study
Buccal Micronucleus cytome assay in sickle Cell Disease
Dr.SurekhaJournal of Contemporary Dental PracticeAssessment of Interobserver Variability in Mitotic Figure Counting in Different Histological Grades of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Journal of Clinical and diagnostic Research-Alcohol Saliva Strip Test
Clinical Utility of Homocysteine and Folate as tumour marker in oral squamous cell carcinoma – a prospective Study
Buccal Micronucleus cytome assay in sickle Cell Disease
Journal of International Oral HealthHistochemical analysis of polarizing colors of collagen using Picrosirius Red staining in oral submucous fibrosis
Tetracycline induced discolouration of dedciduous teeth,(iv) .
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial PathologyAnalysis of silver stained nucleolar organizing regions in odontogenic cysts and tumors
Osteochondroma of the palate- an interesting and an unusual case presentation
Indian J Dent AdvMicronuclei as Biomarker in Monitoring Genetic Damage in Down Syndrome
Dr. SangameshwarInternational Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial PathologyEffect of Green Tea on Salivary Ph and Streptococcus Mutans Count in Healthy Individuals
J Adv Clin Res InsightsComparison of lip prints, palatal rugae with blood groups in Karnataka and Kerala population.
Indian J Dent AdvMicronuclei as Biomarker in Monitoring Genetic Damage in Down Syndrome.
JCDRClinical Utility of Homocysteine and Folate as tumour marker in oral squamous cell carcinoma – a prospective Study
Buccal Micronucleus cytome assay in sickle Cell Disease
Dr. Sridhar Reddy. EMRIMS Journal of health sciencesFNAC diagnosis of Pleomorphic Adenoma of Palate
Journal of Dental and Medical SciencesAn Unusual Case of Mesiodens: Peek-A-Boo
JCDRClinical Utility of Homocysteine and Folate as tumour marker in oral squamous cell carcinoma – a prospective Study
JIAOMRSialodiagnosing HIV infection: A dissected review
Sch. J. Dent. SciSquamous Cell Carcinoma of Oral Cavity: A Case Report

RESEARCH PROJECTS:

S.NOFACULTYMAJOR RESEARCHMINOR RESEARCH
1Dr.Prasanna .MDMolecular detection of Human Papilloma virus DNA in patients with oral lichen planus using polymerase chain reaction- Retrospective studyBuccal Micronuclei as a Biomarker in Assessment of Downs syndrome
2Dr.Kranti Kiran Reddy.EIsolation characterization and multiple differentiation potential assessment of Human Gingival Mesenchymal Stem CellsDetection of HPV in Ulceroproliferative variant of oral squamous cell carcinoma in south Indian patients
3Dr.Surekha.VThe effect of hypoxia on the stemness and differentiation capacity of human gingival mesenchymal stem cells and dental pulp stem cells.Buccal Micronucleus Cytoassay in Sickle Cell Anaemia
4Dr.Sangameshwar. MEstimation of serum lipid profile in gutkha chewers and oral sub mucous fibrosis patientsOral Candida flora in a group of Indian patients with Thalassemia
5Dr.SridharEstimation of serum folate levels by chemilumines- ence & serum homocystein levels by high perfor- mance liquid chromatography in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma PatientsAssociation of vitamin D levels & its relationship to oral streptococcus mutans - Dr. Sridhar Reddy. E

Chaptersand Books authored:

Dr. Kranti Kiran Reddy:
  1. CHRONICLES OF SPONGE BIOMATERIALS: THE SAGA IN BIOMEDICINE

 

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE FOR LABORATORY PROCEDURES & BIOPSY REPORTING

Components of quality control in histopathology:
Pre-analytical aspects:
  1. Biopsy received should be of adequate size & depth
  2. The samples should be submitted in appropriate fixative in a container of adequate size and sufficient volume of fixative.
  3. If any special procedures are to be carried out, it should be mentioned in the request form and also mention the fixative used.
  4. The samples are accepted only if the request form is filled accurately.
  5. Each biopsy samples are given a unique identification number.
  6. Gross examination and sampling of tissues and all the details of the gross examinations are documented in the request form by the faculty in-charge.
  7. Standard tissue processing & staining procedures are displayed in the lab for continuous referral.
  8. Care is taken to ensure the quality of the chemicals & materials used in the lab.
  9. Changing of chemicals used for processing is planned based on the number of tissues passed through, to prevent under processing and loss of tissue.
  10. Usage of controls for special stains as a routine.
  11. Recording the temperature of the paraffin bath and water floatation bath are done on a daily basis.
  12. Microtomes are serviced regularly. The knifes are maintained properly.
  13. Appropriate care is taken to reduce tissue artifacts due to improper processing, sectioning, staining and mounting.
  14. The technical staffs and others who are involved in lab procedure are aware of the standard operating procedure (SOP).
Analytical aspects:
  1. The slides are studied along with relevant data provided by the surgeon.
  2. To avoid the error in diagnosis, intra-departmental discussions and inter-departmental conferences (CPC) are carried out.
  3. Reports are prepared with proper diagnosis.
Post-analytical aspects:
  1. Final report form is prepared after the discussion.
  2. The reports are handed over to the specified recipient.
  3. Request forms and reports are filed.
  4. Specimens, blocks and slides are archived for easy retrieval.
  5. Proper disposal of specimens after the retention period.

 

GALLERY: